China’s Quest in the South and East China Sea: The Struggle Between Realism, Liberalism and Constructivism

Ania Llanos Antczak

Resumen


El tema de las disputas territoriales en Asia, en particular los argumentos del Mar de China Meridional y Oriental, no es nada nuevo en la región. En estos días, la comunidad internacional ha seguido de cerca la situación porque el desacuerdo en las discusiones ha provocado un gran retroceso en las relaciones bilaterales entre los disputantes, así como en la estabilidad de la región. El objetivo principal de este artículo es analizar el problema desde tres perspectivas teóricas: realismo, liberalismo y constructivismo y responder a la siguiente pregunta: ¿cuál de los tres paradigmas proporciona las mejores herramientas teóricas para explicar las acciones asertivas de China en el Mar de China Meridional y Oriental? Aunque todas las teorías conrtibuyen a comprender el problema, al parecer el constructivismo, relacionado con la teoría de las metanarrativas, ofrece las mejores soluciones sin simplificaciones evidentes.

Palabras clave: China, Mar de China Meridional, Mar de China Oriental, realismo, liberalismo, constructivismo


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